In April of 2016, as anticipated, the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) amended its lawsuit to challenge the "threatened" listing and the final 4(d) rule related to the NLEB. In addition, in mid-May the Defenders of the Wildlife filed a complaint challenging the NLEB listing on grounds similar to the CBD complaint. The Hardwood Federation (of which KCMA is a member) has been working closely with the National Alliance of Forest Owners (NAFO) and the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) on moving forward with a legal strategy to defend U.S. Fish and Wildlife's threatened designation and 4(d) rule. We will keep you posted as this case moves forward.